Oil futures edged lower on Tuesday with parts of the U.S. suffering from some fuel shortages as Colonial Pipeline works to restore the system that provides 45% of the fuel consumed on the U.S. East Coast by the end of the week.
“Oil prices are falling as the Colonial Pipeline disruption has all the hallmarks of a short-term glitch,” said Sophie Griffiths, analyst at Oanda, in a note. “Investors have accepted that the pipeline failure is not likely to be an ongoing issue, with a phased restart expected imminently and full operation restored by the end of the week.”
West Texas Intermediate crude for June delivery
the global benchmark, shed 25 cents, or 0.4%, to $68.07 a barrel on ICE Futures Europe.
Gasoline futures were also under pressure, with the June contract
down 0.5% at $2.12 a gallon.
Colonial on Monday said its goal was to “substantially” restore operations by the end of the week. Colonial closed its 5,500 mile pipeline over the weekend following a ransomware attack.
Meanwhile, the shutdown has stoked a spike in demand for gasoline, with some stations from Florida to Virginia running low or out of fuel, according to Patrick De Haan, analyst at Gas Buddy, on Twitter:
Some analysts argued that the weakness in the energy complex had more to do with a selloff in risk assets generally, including global equity markets led by technology stocks, which was outweighing a number of supply-related concerns in the oil market.
“Despite the ongoing problems with the Colonial pipeline, a key U.S. pipeline for oil products, violent conflicts in Israel that frequently drive up the risk premium, and a fire at the world’s second-largest oil field in Kuwait, one of the world’s leading oil exporters, oil prices have fallen,” wrote Eugen Weinberg, analyst at Commerzbank.
A fire at Kuwait’s largest oil field on Monday injured two workers, but didn’t affect production, news reports said.
The market action “was chiefly due to the shift in sentiment on the stock markets, which have come under increasing pressure — presumably because of concerns about inflation,” Weinberg said. “However, because the market normally looks for fundamental factors to explain price fluctuations, fears of the pandemic’s impact in Asia, talks between Iran and Saudi Arabia, and the upcoming relaunch of the Colonial pipeline are being cited as possible reasons.”
The Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries on Tuesday left its forecast for global oil-demand growth for 2021 unchanged, while trimming its outlook for non-OPEC production.
Overall, as far as near-term oil prices are concerned “most traders are focused on developments in the physical markets that are keeping a lid on prompt month prices,” said Troy Vincent, market analyst at DTN.
In the U.S., an “extremely disappointing” unemployment report last week is weighing on demand optimism, while this week Motiva’s idling of crude distillation units at Port Arthur due to the pipeline outage are “clearly weighing on immediate crude demand,” he told MarketWatch.
“Already extremely strong refined fuel shipments en route to the East Coast have helped keep a lid on product prices in the wake of the Colonial outage,” said Vincent. And on the other side of the world, “Chinese crude imports are dropping sharply for a second consecutive month, while Singapore, Malaysia, and India are all suffering from COVID setbacks.”
The Energy Information Administration is set to release its monthly Short-term Energy report later Tuesday, with updates on the outlook for energy prices and U.S. oil production.
On Wednesday, the government agency will issue its weekly data on petroleum supplies. On average, analysts expect crude supplies to post a fall of 4.1 million barrels for the week ended May 7, according to a survey conducted by S&P Global Platts. They also forecast a supply increase of 700,000 barrels for gasoline and a 2 million-barrel decline for distillate inventories.