Last month, I deposited a check into my checking account. The bank teller accidentally put one too many zeros on the amount of the check, giving me a deposit of almost $10,000 instead of almost $1,000.
When I discovered the error the next day, I called the bank’s customer service number and reported it. I also reported the error to the branch manager, who assured me that it would be corrected in a couple of days. A month later, the money was still in my account, so I transferred it to my savings account so that I wouldn’t accidentally spend it.
I have nothing against the bank reclaiming the extra money; it is theirs, and I only have it because of an accident. Moreover, if the situation were reversed, I’d want the money returned.
However, I have made an earnest attempt to get the bank to take their money back, so I was wondering if at any point or time the money would become legally mine.
Your effort to return the money was earnest, but was it thorough? If the end result was moving the $9,000 to your savings account for safekeeping, then I’m afraid it’s hard to argue the latter. Would you have left the bank if the money had come out of your bank account in error instead of being deposited into it? Return to your branch, and don’t leave until they have withdrawn the money.
Even if your attempt was earnest, your question about how long the money can stay in your account before you keep it is less diligent. There have been rare occasions of “unjust enrichment” when the recipient of funds sent in error was allowed to keep the money because the person was owed money by the lender, but I don’t see how you can justify this case falling into that category.
You are correct not to spend this money. In 2015, an 18-year-old man was sentenced to 10 years of probation for spending $31,000 erroneously deposited in his account, and was ordered by the court to pay restitution to a 70-year-old victim who shared his name and whose account was the intended recipient of the funds. He’s not the only one.
There are statutes of limitations on certain crimes and personal debts that vary by state, but no crime has been committed here, and you have not broken a contract with the bank over money owed. These funds belong to the bank, so you would have a very difficult time persuading a judge that a statute of limitations applies here.
In fact, you would likely need $10,000 for the court bills.
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